Published May 30, 2006
by Dissertation.com .
Written in English
|The Physical Object|
|Number of Pages||180|
item 9 Universal Service in a Competitive Local Exchange Telecommunications Environment 8 - Universal Service in a Competitive Local Exchange Telecommunications Environment . these payments to local exchange carriers are in excess of the costs of local access. A major rationale for these subsidies is to maintain a low price for local residential service in order to achieve the goals of universal service. Although there is considerable debate over the exact fraction of . The Universal Service Fund (USF) is a system of telecommunications subsidies and fees managed by the United States Federal Communications Commission (FCC) intended to promote universal access to telecommunications services in the United States. The FCC established the fund in in compliance with the Telecommunications Act of The FCC is a government agency that implements and . Extending Telecommunications beyond the Market Toward universal service in competitive environments Björn Wellenius Note No. March The World Bank Group Finance, Private Sector, and Infrastructure Network Competitive markets go a long way toward making telecommunications services available throughout the population.
the competitive local exchange carriers’ wireline access lines are business accounts. Intermodal competition from wireless, Voice over Internet Protocol, and broadband continued to drive the telecommunications markets in There are an estimated 19 million wirelessFile Size: 1MB. Rate averaging is intended to provide affordable and stable Local exchange competition, rate restructuring and universal service: F J Cronin et al. prices for all phone customers in a non-competitive environment where there are no alternative by: 9. UNIVERSAL SERVICE entered the vocabulary of American telecommunications in The slogan “one system, one policy, universal service” was coined by Theodore Vail, the President of AT&T, and propagated in the company’s annual reports from to Cited by: Universal Access for Telecommunications in a Competitive Environment 3 telecommunications service, especially in wireless services and significant price falls. However, for some parts of the market, including service provision to inhabitants of rural and remote areas, support from government has been required.
providers. This report, after reviewing the specific universal service and ETC provisions of the Act, examines many of the significant questions surrounding the ETC strategy articulated in the Act. Issues discussed include: potential candidates for ETC status; the role of the incumbent local exchange carrier; the impact of service area sizeFile Size: 6MB. New Local Access Options. Universal Service Fund Support of Internet Connections. Structural Changes. Conclusion. Endnotes. Part I The New Competitive Telecommunications Environment. Chapter 2 - Competition and Regulation—a Continuing Telecommunications Cycle. Competition versus Regulation—Seeking a Balance. The Telecommunications Act of was the first significant overhaul of telecommunications law in more than sixty years, amending the Communications Act of The Act, signed by President Bill Clinton, represented a major change in American telecommunication law, since it was the first time that the Internet was included in broadcasting and spectrum amended: Communications Act of Because cellular/wireless services are considered to be competitive, the Telecommunications Act of prohibits State governments from regulating their rates unless it can be demonstrated that a cellular/wireless service company serves as a replacement for local exchange service for a substantial portion of a community or area. Q.